Every year in Malaysia, nearly 30,000 cases of fire accident occurs, and this has causes many to loose their homes and their loved ones.
When a fire breaks out, you have only a short time to escape. If you panic or react senselessly, you may endanger yourself. Taking the right actions increases your chance of survival. Below are some of the things you need to know:
- If fire and smoke block the door
Close the door and stuff the gap with wet clothes. Try to get out through the window. If your home is located at the lower floors, get out with your back facing out and your hands holding on to the window. Extend your legs out in the air, hang on for a brief moment before you let go.
Do not jump out of the window leaving behind the elderly and children. If there are people coming to your aid at the ground , help the elderly and children to climb out through the window and drop them to the people waiting below. If there is no one, lower them as far as you can before letting go.
- Crawl on the floor below the smoke
In a huge fire, smoke and heat naturally rise. So, stay low and crawl with your hands and knees about one to two feet above the floor as there is more breathable air at this height.
- When your clothes catch fire
When your clothes are on fire, stop running. Cover your face with your hands and roll on the floor to put out the fire. Alternatively, wrap a fire blanket around your body on the floor.
- Use the emergency stairway
Never use the lift in the event of a fire. Do not simply follow the crowd or push each other or run around senselessly. Remember to run towards bright, open space or down stairs. If the emergency exit is blocked by flames and smoke, move towards the opposite direction. Try to leave the building through the balcony, louver window, rooftop, etc. Remember to instruct all your family members to meet at a designated safe location outside the building.
- How to put out a kitchen fire
Firstly, turn off the gas. Cover the flame with a pot cover or fire blanket. Get ready a portable fire extinguisher.